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Rational Emotive Therapy
In the 1950s, rational-emotive behavioral therapy was developed. This is the basis for cognitive behavioral therapy, which plays a large role in our clients recovery process. Rational-emotive behavioral therapy or REBT, helps resolve both emotional and behavioral issues.
It focuses on the ways in which we react to failure in terms of our belief system. This therapy includes a concept known as the ABC Model. This teaches clients how their beliefs affect their emotional and behavioral responses. We tend to have beliefs that dictate whether or not we’re happy. There are three key beliefs within this model:
- You must achieve and perform well, in order to gain approval from others.
- Family and friends should treat you fairly. If they do not, it’s believed that these individuals should be punished.
- You believe you should get what you want. You get upset if you do not get something that you believe you deserve.
This therapy argues that the first belief creates feeling of guilt, anxiety, and depression. The second belief leads to passive-aggressive behavior, while the third encourages individuals to focus on self-pity. When our clients learn less demanding beliefs, they create healthier, more productive lives.
The ABC Model
REBT utilizes the ABC framework to understand the association between events and our thought patterns. This helps our clients focus on their beliefs. Your beliefs can have a large impact on a situation, especially in terms of your reaction.
For example, someone may accuse you of stealing money from them. This is known as the activating part of the model, which is depicted by the letter ‘A.’ The ‘B’ stage is your belief regarding this event. You may feel as though their accusation is unjustifiable. This leads to the ‘C’ phase, which expresses how you feel on an emotional level.
This model helps our clients see that the ‘A’ phase, does not cause ‘C.’ Instead, ‘B’ is what creates the emotions we feel, creating our perceptions and behaviors. When looking at this specific model, our clients learn a wide variety of insights.
- External events often create emotional reactions. These reactions are typically a choice in which the client makes. When an individual encounters a negative situation, they consciously or unconsciously choose to feel psychologically disturbed.
- This model looks at clients’ past and present predicaments. These predicaments tend to impact how events are perceived. With that being said, it’s up to the individual to react in a way that reduces anxiety, anger, and irrational beliefs.
- Through this model, we help our clients reduce the duration, severity, and frequency of their beliefs. We teach them how to change a destructive belief system.
The Effects of Irrational Thinking
At Weston Rehab, we teach our clients to correct irrational thoughts by challenging their beliefs. This is because irrational thinking can create many negative circumstances. When these beliefs are challenged, our clients can make positive changes to their overall life. Irrational thinking is characterized by the following:
- False emotions are produced, which distort reality
- Hinders goal achievement
- Causes you to overreact, assuming that something terrible will happen
- Causes addictive behaviors that harm both you and your family
- Similar to thinking in ‘black and white.’ Meaning, you cannot focus on any middle ground. You only see good or bad, nothing in between
To combat irrational thinking, we help our clients accept their everyday conditions. This starts by accepting yourself; while accepting others; then accepting life. These are all very important in terms of someone’s recovery process. The more tools you have to maintain sobriety, the better. This is why we provide so many treatment options at WCA Rehab. We want to provide our clients with the highest levels of success.
To understand and accept yourself, you need to understand that no human is perfect. Being human, means having flaws. Our therapists teach clients how to change their irrational thoughts, creating more rational responses. You can manage your thoughts, without resorting to substance abuse.
We help our clients create a new outlook on life. This new outlook is one that’s flexible, promoting health, while decreasing stress and anger. REBT helps our clients challenge their irrational thoughts and behaviors. They learn techniques that help them cope with their frustrations, which helps to prevent relapse.